What are PCR Plates and PCR Tubes?
PCR plates and tubes are used in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a process used to amplify DNA. The PCR cycle consists of three main steps: denaturation, annealing, and extension. In the denaturation step, the double-stranded DNA is heated to separate the two strands. In the annealing step, primers (short single-stranded DNA sequences) are added and bind to complementary sequences on the template DNA. In the extension step, DNA polymerase synthesizes a new strand of DNA using the primers as templates.
PCR plates contain wells that hold the reaction mixture, while PCR tubes can be used if a thermal cycler with a tube holder is available. Tubes are less expensive, but plates offer some advantages, such as the ability to see the color of the reaction mixture and to monitor the PCR process by running gels. Plates also allow for greater flexibility in design, such as the use of different primers in each well.
Most PCR plates and PCR tubes are made of polypropylene material. Polypropylene is a strong, durable plastic that can withstand high temperatures. It is also transparent, which makes it ideal for observing PCR reactions. A PCR reaction is a process that amplifies a specific section of DNA. This is done by using enzymes to copy the DNA strands, and then adding nucleotides to the mixture. The result is many copies of the original DNA sequence.
PCR reactions are used in a variety of different fields, including medicine, forensics, and research. In medicine, PCR can be used to diagnose diseases, identify pathogens, and track the progression of infections. In forensics, PCR can be used to amplify DNA samples for analysis. And in research, PCR can be used to study gene function and evolution.
Here at Kashi Scientific, we offer PCR tubes and PCR plates to laboratories and medical facilities. We are dedicated to bringing you superior products and services to improve your business’ efficiency.